Blooming Tashkent (uzb. Toshkent) is the largest city in Central Asia, which has a centuries old history. It is the capital of Uzbekistan. Being a small settlement once, Tashkent has transformed into a huge metropolis, in which almost 3 million people live. The city is located on the territory of 320 km.
The historical age of Tashkent is presumably 2500 years old. The first records of it were found in ancient Chinese treatises dating from the third century BC. During its existence, the city was destroyed many times and was reborn from the ruins, becoming more beautiful than before. Early city names: Yuni, Chach, Shash-Tepa, Binkent.
In the 7th century, the Arab Caliphate began its campaigns to the Middle East and Asia, bringing with itself a new culture and religion to their lands. New cities are being built with mosques, mausoleums and minarets.
In the 9th century, the city receives the name Binkent, (“the main city of the region” in Arabic). Being located on the Silk Road, it becomes an important transit point along the caravan route from Asia to Europe. This leads to the economic prosperity of the city and the rapid pace of development of various crafts. Goods are exported to many countries of the world, thanks to established trade relations, and, of course, a favorable location.
From the 11th century, the city is called Tashkent, which means Stone City. In the 13th century after the raids of Genghis Khan, the city experienced a decline in economy and culture.
However, during the reign of Timur, Tashkent blossoms again. A fortress wall is built around the city, and it receives the status of an imperial outpost.
In the XVIII – XIX centuries, Tashkent passed into the power of Khiva, then the Kokand Khanate. Also, the Bukhara Emirate seeks to gain dominance over the city. As a result, the Kokand Khanate takes possession of the city, and then joins Russia in the status of the capital of the Turkestan General Governorship.
Under the Soviet Union, Tashkent was the capital of the Uzbek Socialist Republic.
After the collapse of the USSR, Uzbekistan gained independence, and Tashkent became the capital of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Modern Tashkent is a synthesis of history and modernity. Here historical sights and urbanized new buildings, ancient crafts and innovative technologies are harmoniously intertwined.
Sights of Tashkent
Tashkent is decorated with many monuments of architecture, erected in different periods of the city existence, reflecting its historical heritage.
The main sights of Tashkent are: Kukeldash Madrasah, Khazret Imam Ensemble, Sheikhantaur complex, Djami and Namazgoh mosques, Zangi-Ota complex. You can see the impressive beauty of Tashkent in the photo, but it’s better to see all this magnificence with your own eyes, feel the powerful energy of these legendary and mysterious places.
The eastern bazaar of Tashkent is famous throughout the world. The works of local artisans, culinary masterpieces and many souvenirs are represented in the malls. Here you can buy oriental souvenirs in the colorful atmosphere of oriental hospitality, listen to local legends and feel the atmosphere of sunny friendliness, recharge yourself with positive emotions and charming impressions.
There are many museums in Tashkent, which will also be very interesting to visit.
When you travel to Tashkent, do not forget to enjoy all the delights of the national oriental cuisine, visit the teahouse, taste plov, shashlyk, samsa and many other dishes. You will be delighted with their excellent tastes.
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